Q1. Describe the concepts of Horizontal Fragmentation and Vertical Fragmentation.
Q2. Why do we need a two-level recovery method for multi-database transactions? In brief describe the two phases of two-phase commit protocol.
Q3. Compare and contrast the given:
- Commit and Roll-back.
- Redo and Undo.
Q4. prepare brief notes on any three of the given:
a) Categories of Data models.
b) By using Heuristics in the Query optimization.
c) Distributed Databases.
d) Web Databases.