1)(a) Compare and contrast flow based routing with distance vector routing.
(b) In a leaky bucket, what must be the capacity of the bucket if the output rate is 5gal/min and there is an output burst of 100gal/in for 12s and there is no input for 48s.
2)(a) How connection management is done in TCP/IP.
(b) describe three most frequently used services of Internet.
3) Describe the elements of Transport layer protocols in detail.
4)(a) What are the advantages of multipoint connection over point-to-point connection?
(b) In ring and star topology, determine the number of cable links needed if n devices are connected in a network.
(c) What do you mean by hamming code? A telephone line has a bandwidth of 3000H2. find out its data transfer capacity if the signal to noise ratio is 3OdB.
(d) Describe the terms: absolute bandwidth and effective bandrvidth.
(e) How does AM different from ASK.
(f) How does cross bar switch is different from Time division bus.
(g) prepare down advantages of optical fiber cable over twisted-pair and coaxial cable.