1) prepare down the steps of crystal growth, wafer preparation, epitaxy, oxidation and lithography.
2) Describe the different methods of fabricating diodes and transistors in a monolithic integrated circuits in detail.
3) Describe the frequency compensation techniques adopted in operational Amplifier in detail.
4) What do you mean by a slew rate? Describe the methods adopted to improve slew rate.
5)(i) Describe how the comparator can be utilized as the zero crossing detector?
(ii) Describe Op Amp differentiator circuit and deduce the expression for the output in terms of the input?
6) Describe the working principles of general purpose IC voltage regulator 723 in detail?
7) Sketch the functional block diagram of Astable multivibrator by using IC555 timer and describe its operation.
8) Describe the working of:
(i) Triangular wave generator
(ii) Schmitt trigger.