problem 1)a) The average weekly discharge (Q) measured at a site is given below
Weeks 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Q(m^{3}/sec) 1800 1900 1350 1200 1300 3000 4100 3500 1500 1300 1100 1000
Estimate reservoir capacity.
b) What do you mean by water hammer and what are its effects on the power plant design?
problem 2) Draw a typical layout of thermal power plant and describe the function of a coal and ash handling.
b) With the help of neat diagram describe the balanced draught system, how does the induced draught differ from forced draught
problem 3)a) A consumer has the fallowing connected loads: 10lamps of 60W each and two heaters of 1KW each. His maximum demand is 1.5kw.On the average he uses 8 lamps 5 hours a day and each heater for 3 hours a day. Determine his average load, monthly energy consumption and load factor.
b) A 300kva distribution transformer costs Rs20,000 and has salvage value of Rs 1200 at the end of 25 years. Determine the depreciated value of the plant at the end of 10 years on the fallowing methods (i) straight line method (ii) Sinking fund depreciation of 8% compounded annually.
problem 4) Enumerate and describe essential components of a nuclear reactor.