Answer the given problem in around 100 Words.
problem 1: What do you mean by the term osmotic reflection coefficients? describe significance of osmotic reflection coefficient in peritoneal dialysis.
problem 2: State the management of fluid overload in CAPD.
problem 3: What are the various practical issues in considering dialysis in a patient with chronic liver disease?
problem 4: What are the materials which are used to make CAPD catheters? What are the merits and demerits of each?
problem 5: Discuss in short five common complications after performing the acute peritoneal dialysis.
problem 6: 35 year old patient with CKD secondary to chronic glomerulonephritis (CGN) is being computed for renal transplantation. He is on hemodialysis and has a history of packed red cell transfusions before 1 year. The patient is detected to have transaminitis (SGOT/SGPT).
a) What are the fundamental investigations you will ask for in this patient?
b) Which of the drugs mostly used to treat an infection common in ESRD patients can cause this complication?
c) When will be a liver biopsy pointed out in this patient?