problem 1: The fragmentation of the railway industry to constituent parts, with operators and maintainers has brought benefits to all. Describe.
problem 2: Describe the contribution that civil engineers make towards sustaining a civilized way of life via the development of our infrastructure.
problem 3: Describe the issues around the design and construction of new build road projects in comparison with the upgrading and widening of existing route way.
problem 4: Describe all the factors that must be considered and the test which must be carried out in the principal assessment of a railway bridge over water.
problem 5: Describe the issues that you would consider in designing major road maintenance works in terms of contract program, quality of product, disruption to the public, environmental impact and so on. How would you as a Civil Engineer prioritize these elements?
problem 6: A range of defects can be discovered throughout bridge inspections. Identify the most usual defects found and describe how you consider they might have been avoided.