The figure shows a “square cavity flow”. In this flow the cavity is filled with a fluid and the lid of the cavity moves with a constant velocity, while the other walls stay stationary. This causes a recirculation in the cavity. The flow is supposed 2 dimensional incompressible, with U_{max}=1.0 m/s constant. The lengths of the sides of the cavity, L, are all equivalent to 1.0 m
Run the program for the following Reynolds numbers: 10, 100, 500 and 1000. The Reynolds number is defined by Re = U_{max}.L/ν, where ν is the fluid kinematic viscosity, which in this case, differs to produce the dissimilar Reynolds numbers. The boundary conditions are: u_{ab} = u_{bc} = u_{cd} = v_{ab}= v_{bc}= v_{cd} = v_{ad} = 0 and u_{ad} = U_{max}
Employ a staggered grid of at least 15x15 cells, and the SIMPLE algorithm for your solutions.
Plot both velocity and pressure distributions for all Reynolds numbers.