What do you understand by the term teeming of steel.
What factors influence teeming temperature of steel?
What are the functions of the teeming ladle?
Illustrate the recent developments for increased production of open-hearth steel making procedure.
What are the limitations of conventional open hearth steel making?
State and illustrate the term JFN and give its importance in LD converter operation.
What do you understand by ladle metallurgy? What are its major objectives?
Illustrate the benefits of using multinozzle lance over single nozzle lance in operation of L-D convertor.
Make a distinction ESR and VAR processes.