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The Eukaryotic cells can be divided by mitosis or meiosis. In humans, mitosis generates new cells for growth and repair. And, meiosis generates sex cells (gametes), termed sperm and eggs. Changes or mutations in the genes in sex cells can be inherited by the human offspring. Genetic variation in the population of organisms is good; though, sometimes mutations can be harmful or cause the genetic disorders.

In brief, answer the given problems:

Q1. How do meiosis and sexual reproduction (that is, fertilization) produce offspring which differ genetically from parents?

Q2. describe one illustration of a human disorder which is inherited and as well describe the specific inheritance pattern. For this illustration, pick disorders which result from mutations in DNA or chromosome number instead of exs such as a genetic tendency for a disorder like cancer.

Biology, Academics

  • Category:- Biology
  • Reference No.:- M99418

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