1.) Fur color in rabbits is determined by a single gene locus for which there are four alleles. Four phenotypes are possible: black, Chinchilla (gray color causes by white hairs with black tips), Himalayan (white with black patches on extremities), and white. The black allele (C) is dominant over all other alleles, the Chinchilla allele (C^ch) is dominant over Himalayan (C^h), and the white allele (c) is recessive to all others.
a.) A black rabbit is crossed with a Himalayan, and F1 consists of a ratio of 2 black to 2 Chinchilla. Can you determine the genotypes of the parents?
b.) A second cross was done between a black rabbit and a Chincilla. The F1 contained a ratio of 2 black to 1 Chinchilla to 1 Himalayan. Can you determine the genotypes of the parents of this cross?
2.) In Labrador retriever dogs, the dominant gene B determines black coat color and bb produces brown. A separate gene E, however, shows dominant epistasis over the B and b alleles, resulting in a "golden" coat color. The recessive e allows expression of B and b. A breeder wants to know the genotypes of her three dogs, so she breeds them and makes note of the offspring of several litters. Determine the genotypes of the three dogs.
a.) golden female (Dog 1) x golden male (Dog 2)
offspring: 7 golden, 1 black, 1 brown
b.) black female (Dog 3) x golden male (Dog 2)
offspring: 8 golden, 5 black, 2 brown
3.) You cross true-breeding red-flowered plants with true-breeding white-flowered plants, and the F1 are all red-flowered plants. The F2, however, occur in a ratio of 9 red: 6 pale purple: 1 white.
How many genes are involved in the inheritance of this color character?
describe why the F1 are all red and how the 9:6:1 ratio of the phenotypes in the F2 occurred.