a) describe the economic significance of Algae.
b) describe the structure and reproduction in Rhodophyta.
a) describe the general characters of Bryophyta and their economic uses.
b) Describe the sexual reproduction and life cycles in the Hepaticopsida.
a) Give an account on the categorization of Pteridophytes.
b) describe the development of sex organs and reproduction in Sphenopsida.
a) describe the development of female gametophyte in the Gymnosperms.
b) describe the development of strobili in Gnetales and how they are more developed than other Gymnosperms.