Answer the following problems in detail.
problem 1) With the help of sketch describe the construction and working of Mass Air Flow sensor.
problem 2) Describe the microcontroller based control of a stepper motor.
problem 3) Describe the function and working of a Hall-effect type timer used in electronic ignition systems.
problem 4) Describe the main system components of modern common rail fuel injection system.
problem 5) describe the functions performed by electric motor in hybrid vehicles? prepare down name of the different types of hybrid vehicles.
problem 6) What do you mean by anti-lock braking? Sketch a schematic diagram showing main components of the ABS in a car. Describe the function of the various components in the functioning of ABS.
problem 7) Compare electronic petrol injection technique with carburettor method. Categorize the kinds of petrol injection systems based upon location and number of injectors.
problem 8) Describe the different components of the electronic transmission control system. prepare down its advantages and disadvantages over manual transmission systems?