a) Describe the significance and applications of biotechnology.
b) Define the term biotechnology. Describe the scope and overview of the term biotechnology.
a) What do you mean by rDNA technology? describe the tools and methods for rDNA technology.
b) prepare an account of various types of vectors used in the genetic engineering.
a) What are the various types of media used in the plant tissue culture? describe in brief their preparation and sterilization methods.
b) prepare notes on: Callus culture and Single cell cultures.
a) Give an account on different methods comprised in animal tissue culture.
b) Describe the significance of culture media in animal cell culture.
a) Describe the industrial production of vaccines by using biotechnological methods.
b) describe the commercially significant enzymes and chemicals produced by biotechnological techniques.