1) What is the difference between procedural and declaration knowledge?
2) Describe different approaches and issues in knowledge representation. Also describe different problems in representing knowledge.
3) Describe the algorithm of predicate logic resolution.
4) What do you mean by a resolution principle? Create truth table for logical expression.
5) prepare down unification algorithm and describe resolution in predicate logic.
6) State Non – Monotonic reasoning and describe different logic associated with it.
7) Describe the difference between forward and backward reasoning and under what situations each would be best to use for given set of problem.
8) Describe any four from the following heuristic search techniques. Describe the algorithm with the help of suitable ex.
Hi Climbing : Steepest Ascent.
Best First Search: The A Algorithms.
Problem Reduction: The Ao Algorithms.
Constraints Satisfaction.
Generate and Test.
Means – End – Analysis.
9) Resolve the following Crypt arithmetic problem by using constraints satisfaction search procedure.
CROSS NOON
ROADS SOON
+____________ +MOON
DANGER _____________
JUNE