problem 1: The end result of data processing is often a report. Describe the types of reports that are produced and their efficiency. Consider all sizes of report and all levels of management.
a) Management can only sanction enhanced systems if they are aware that there are problems with the existing system and are able to identify ways of enhancing the situation. Describe ways for management to be able to accomplish both of these.
b) Describe what is meant by the term break-even analysis. describe a business situation where break-even analysis would be suitable.
c) Sketch a graph to describe this. Label all parts of the graph and describe their meaning.
problem 3: Organizations use a broad variety of resources like management, manpower, money and machinery. Describe the role manager’s play in an organization and the significance of management as a resource. Your answer must consider the use of computer systems.
a) Define the term management by objectives. Outline the benefits and drawbacks of an organization adopting a policy of management by objectives.
b) Describe why it is essential for an organization to review its objectives regularly. Describe the possible consequences of ignoring this.
problem 5: Choose a particular small business (fewer than 20 employees) that you have studied. Name the business and describe its main functions.
Describe IN DETAIL how the introduction of computers has already benefited THIS Company and as well how they might benefit it in the future.
Consider as well problems that could take place as a result of computerization.
a) Describe factors that make information effective.
b) Differentiate carefully between the three levels of information. Relate your answer to a named particular organization.
At each of the three levels:
• prepare a problem that might be asked
• identify WHO would ask it
• identify WHO would obtain the answer and
• identify WHERE the information would come from
Your answers should relate to a named organization and be sufficiently accurate that they are relevant ONLY at that particular level.
problem 7: For each of the given, describe how computers can assist the business and the manager. Name particular software application packages and how they would be used.
c) Decision making
a) Teamwork is a significant aspect of projects. Large projects require a large team. describe factors that make teamwork more efficient.
b) describe any four of such factors in detail.