1) prepare down the approach that probabilistic language processing takes in language understanding?
2) What are the different smoothing methods?
3) How information retrieval systems are characterized?
4) What do you mean by an information retrieval and information extraction?
5) prepare down the steps of information extraction?
6) describe on the agent communication method by action?
7) Describe the various steps of communication.
8) Describe in detail ambiguity and disambiguation in knowledge representation.
9) describe a formal grammar for a fragment of English.
10) Describe parsing for a search problem with suitable chart-parsing algorithm.