(a) What are the likely advantages which an organisation might derive from the planning process?
(b) Illustrate out the main reasons why an organisation might fail to plan.
“Controlling is the measurement and correction of performance, in order to ensure that enterprise objectives and plans devised to attain them are attained.” Discuss this statement.
(a) The grouping of organisational activities (usually in ‘departments’ or larger ‘divisions’) can be done in different ways. Outline seven (7) criteria which can be employed for the grouping of organisational activities briefly describing how each of the criteria affects the grouping.
(b) Why do organisations require a structure?
(a) Why must management delegate some responsibility and authority in large complex organisations?
(b) Why, in practice, many managers are reluctant to delegate and attempt to do many routine matters themselves in addition to their more significant duties?
According to the instrumentality theory of motivation, money is the major motivating factor at work. This can describe the existence of performance related pay in many organisations today. However, the instrumentality theory has been criticised on numerous grounds.
Using Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, illustrate how far money is the main motivating factor at work.