Cultural tourism, as the motivational factor for international tourism, existed throughout the pre-industrial era, not necessarily for the masses but rather for elite (Burton, 1995; Smith & Robinson, 2006). Nonetheless, commodification of cultural resources for consumption of mass tourism is rather a new phenomenon that has fostered the demand for cultural tourism over the last few decades (Yang & Wall, 2009). As such, cultural tourism products are drawing important attention as interest in experiencing and learning about different cultures has grown widespread among tourists today. The assumption is that if tourism policy makers are not clearly defining their cultural values, along with suitable strategies to restore their authenticity, it is likely that most of cultural uniqueness will be underutilized and eventually lost.
problem 1: With reference to the above statement, illustrate out the term cultural tourism.
problem 2: Illustrate out the five (5) types of cultural tourists as proposed by McKercher and Du Cros (2002).
problem 3: The process and product of cultural tourism have been discussed in literature, which comprises two (2) distinct schools of thought; one is well placed in anti-globalization camp, which sees the destruction of authentic culture (Featherstone, 2002), and the other is that which sees culture and distinctiveness as a worthwhile commodity in global market (Geschiere, 2009). Discuss this proclamation with reference to any destination of your choice.
problem 4: Illustrate out any two characteristics of the “culturally responsible tourist”? Support your answer with instances.