Ask Question, Ask an Expert

+1-415-315-9853

info@mywordsolution.com

Ask Homework Help/Study Tips Expert

Building A Better Human

The future enters into us long before it happens, the German poet Rainer Maria Rilke once said. This is no longer a metaphor. The future is entering us. We eat genetically modified food .We submit to implanted devices that go well beyond the familiar heart pacemaker .We tinker with human tissue, developing artificial bone and skin for transplantation. We are on the verge of “smart” prosthetics, such as retinal implants that restore vision in damaged eyes. Such devices will ultimately be networked, allowing, say, a subcutaneous chip to transmit a person’s entire medical history to a physician far away. Such chips would be commonplace and as desirable as mobile phones: we will become our machines .

When the word “cyborg” first appeared in the middle of the 20thcentury, it was strictly the stuff of science fiction. Everybody  knew you couldn’t put human physiology under mechanical or electronic control. You couldn’t stitch technology into tissue. The idea of ,say, an implant of the neural circuits inside the skull—proposed as a cure for cerebellum damage—would have been at best distasteful. The notion of a hybrid human would have seemed like sacrilege. That was then.

Today some researchers believe that cyborgs will be possible within 50 years, or at least that humans will have so many manufactured parts as to be virtually indistinguishable from cyborgs .Machines might be so assimilated to us ---or we to them—as to raise the most fundamental problems .As technology fills you up with synthetic parts,  at what point  do you cease to be fully  human? One quarter? One third?  What part of us is irreplaceably human, such that if we augmented it with technology we would become some other kind of being? The brain? Or is the brain merely a conducive medium, our humanity defined more by content of our thought and the intensity of our emotions than by the neural circuitry? At bottom lies a critical issue for a technological age: are some kinds of knowledge so terrible they should not be pursued? If there can be such a thing as a philosophical crisis, this will it be. These problems are especially vexing because they lie at  the convergence of three domains--- technology ,politics and ethics—that are so far hardly on speaking terms.
There have always been dangerous technologies. The 20th century, which might as well be called the age of industrialized murder, is the only obvious ex. But technology is upping the ante by creating fields where benign intentions could  lead to brutal outcomes .Technology soon will acquire the inexorability of the ocean tides. But is human civilization equipped to keep pace? Engineers tend to  associate history with  progress.  But what in our history  inspires confidence in our ability to channel technology away from destructive uses? Technology is evolving a thousand times faster than our ability to change our social institutions. Moreover, with each of these new technologies, a sequence of small, individually sensible advances leads to an accumulation of great power and,  concomitantly, great danger. Unlike 20th century technologies like nuclear weapons, which were self-limiting because they depended on scarce and expensive raw materials, the new technologies could produce accidents and abuses that are widely within the reach of individuals or small groups. Knowledge alone will enable the use of them .The extinction of the human species is all too conceivable.

Enter  philosophy .The most common definitions of “human” proceed from an assertion of an intelligence unique to  us  but this is precisely what technology is eroding .Is there a type of intelligence computers could not acquire ? Is, for ex, intelligence the capacity to innovate? Is it the ability to criticize your own projects and values  ---in computing terms,  the ability  to override your instruction set? How about the ability to create by accident? If cyborgs are less error-prone than humans, might they be less creative? And what about sheer fancifulness? Albert Einstein always said that thinking like a child was what enabled him to hit upon the theory of relativity.

In the end the measure of humanity is a philosophical matter. Philosophy, however, has nothing to say about things. Academic philosophers spent much of the last century  bankrupting their  discipline. With a few honorable exceptions ,they preoccupied themselves  with problems of method and  nomenclature, such as: under what linguistic conditions would it be  meaningful to ask about the definition of “the human“? As  Bernard Williams wrote in his 1972 book on “Morality”: “Contemporary moral philosophy has found an original way of boring, which is by not discussing moral issues at all.” Who, then, can speak on moral issues? Certainly not the engineers. The problem is not the technology,  which in any event can’t be stopped. The problem is that engineers are making decisions for the rest of us. They are the last people to understand what an acceptable risk is. That will be the great decision of the next decade. It goes well beyond the mere commercial viability of new technologies, though many will think that is all we need to know. It goes to who we think we are. One way:  every possibility is welcome, no matter how dangerous, because we are a species that loves knowledge. The other: we don’t want to be overcome by technology.  But that’s what it means to be human. You have a choice. Take your pick
 
problem 1:

a) Describe any five words as they are used in the passage:

  • Tinker  
  • convergence  
  • Inexorability  
  • Concomitantly  
  • Conceivable
  • Override
  • Bankrupting  
  • Viability

problem 2: prepare five sentences, with the words chosen from (a) to illustrate their meaning. YOUR SENTENCES SHOULD NOT DEAL WITH THE SUBJECT MATTER OF THE PASSAGE.
 
b) Justify the rectification (“the future is entering us“) of Rilke’s saying by the author.

problem 3: Under what aspects would technology bring into problem our humanity and all mankind?

problem 4: What point is the author making when he mentions Albert Einstein?

Homework Help/Study Tips, Others

  • Category:- Homework Help/Study Tips
  • Reference No.:- M96435

Have any Question? 


Related Questions in Homework Help/Study Tips

Are there too many people in the world what should we do

Are there too many people in the world? What should we do about it? Or is it ok to stay the course and let nature handle our problems? What do you think is the connection between population growth and urban problems? Is ...

The student is required to present a 15-page research

The student is required to present a 15-page research project, not including the reference pages and the appendices. The project will be written following a journal article format (like a publishable material), and will ...

Case 1student joshuaage 9grade 4thscenariojoshua attends a

Case 1: Student: Joshua Age: 9 Grade: 4th Scenario Joshua attends a K-8 urban school and is in the fourth grade. He is very interested in insects and likes to study them whenever they are in view. He lives at home with h ...

Write a response to the follwoing questioncompare and

Write a response to the follwoing question (Compare and contrast one character citing a preference of the portrayal on film or on stage. Support your selection and with specific choices that the actors made in bringing t ...

Your goal is to write up your findings as a walking field

Your goal is to write up your findings as a walking field guide, a text that any person could pick up and use to understand the evolving urban landscape seen on foot. It will chronologically describe the historical devel ...

Please comment on the following post regarding social

Please comment on the following post regarding social marketing campaign for obesity. Discussion - COLLAPSE A potential social marketing campaign for obesity in low income families is "5-4-3-2-1 Go!" a community based or ...

A mixture of gases has the partial pressures of 0308 atm

A mixture of gases has the partial pressures of 0.308 atm due to He, .259 atm due to N 2 , and the rest is due to O 2 .  If the total pressure of the mixture is 752 mmHg, what is the partial pressure due to oxygen?

You are in charge of selling advertising minutes for a

You are in charge of selling advertising minutes for a major television broadcast on your network, say the superbowl. Minutes are sold at a constant price per minute that you can set. There are 120 minutes that might be ...

Ethical theory comparison chart and summary-directions

Ethical Theory Comparison Chart and Summary- Directions: Complete the Ethical Theory Chart. You will be comparing and contrasting the key ethical ideas of philosophers. Fill out each column with a detailed response. Incl ...

Criminal justice research nbspapplication measuring

Criminal Justice Research   Application: Measuring Variables Measurement is one of the foundational aspects of science and knowledge. It allows researchers, once they have defined and conceptualized their variables, to m ...

  • 4,153,160 Questions Asked
  • 13,132 Experts
  • 2,558,936 Questions Answered

Ask Experts for help!!

Looking for Assignment Help?

Start excelling in your Courses, Get help with Assignment

Write us your full requirement for evaluation and you will receive response within 20 minutes turnaround time.

Ask Now Help with Problems, Get a Best Answer

WalMart Identification of theory and critical discussion

Drawing on the prescribed text and/or relevant academic literature, produce a paper which discusses the nature of group

Section onea in an atwood machine suppose two objects of

SECTION ONE (a) In an Atwood Machine, suppose two objects of unequal mass are hung vertically over a frictionless

Part 1you work in hr for a company that operates a factory

Part 1: You work in HR for a company that operates a factory manufacturing fiberglass. There are several hundred empl

Details on advanced accounting paperthis paper is intended

DETAILS ON ADVANCED ACCOUNTING PAPER This paper is intended for students to apply the theoretical knowledge around ac

Create a provider database and related reports and queries

Create a provider database and related reports and queries to capture contact information for potential PC component pro