a) describe how can the recent decline in participation in all kinds of common-interest associations in the North American be described?
b) In what ways can the increasing tide of Islamic fundamentalism in the Middle East and other regions of the world be seen as revitalization movements? Are there other terms which could apply to this phenomenon? What would anthropologists state regarding such movements?
c) With regard to the Swazi, is the "healing" practiced by the shaman fraudulent or therapeutic? What regarding a shaman practicing "alternative medicine" in Toronto? How relativistic must we be as a society regarding the practice of medicine?