problem 1: Describe the key differences between the objectives of National Tourist Organizations (NTOs) and Regional Tourist Organizations which serve districts in national boundaries.
a) Describe the manner in which tourism leads to communication and understanding between cultures.
b) When two cultures – tourists and the host population – come altogether, it is always the host population that changes the most. Describe the reasons for this adjustment.
problem 3: Most of the worst effects tourism has on the natural and man-made environment can be controlled or prevented altogether via intelligent planning for tourism development. Describe the reasons why good forward planning has not been carried out in so many tourist destinations around the world.
a) Describe the characteristics of tourism employment with reference to each of the given:
• Information skills
• Communication skills
b) Tourism employment has four special characteristics. While other industries might share one or two of these characteristics, the combination of all four is unique to tourism. Illustrate.
problem 5: International tourists convert foreign exchange in order to spend money in destinations. This leads to the creation of income for businesses and individuals. The more income and foreign exchange which remains in the tourist destination the better it is for the prosperity and balance of payments of that country. Illustrate the significance of this statement.
a) Most of the factors influence the level of international tourism all through the world. Describe how each of the given can influence the volume of international tourism between one country and the other:
• The difference in exchange rates between the country of departure and the destination country
• Political stability
• Environmental issues
b) Design a concise visitor survey problemnaire for tourists visiting your country or region and as well elucidate how the statistics gathered may then be used for tourism planning.
a) Describe the needs and requirements of international tourists with regard to each of the following:
b) Define the words tourism and tourist.
a) The quality of the tourist experience is largely dependent on the total environment in which tourism activity occurs. Describe and discuss this statement.
b) Tourism planning and management are vital to successful tourism growth and development. Identify key factors behind this statement.