The solution provides the essential elements needed for formation of valid contract with some relevant case law included. The difference between the torts of public nuisance and private nuisance is also covered, with some case law provided. Finally, the tort of negligence is discussed with a description of what is meant by a "duty of care." Negligence is one of the most basic, but important topics in all of law and is probably the key to understanding the legal theories underpinning most civil law suits. Students struggling with this topic or taking a first year torts course would benefit from this solution.