The 1980s farm crisis in the Midwest led to a decline in the numbers of farmers, forcing many to look for non-traditional rural development strategies such as tourism to sustain them.
Critically examine and discuss the numerous components needed by rural tourism development for it to be successful.
Understanding the attitudes of the local residents towards tourism development is crucial for local government, policy makers and businesses since the success and sustainability of any destination depends on the active support of the local population. Active opposition has been shown to hinder or stop tourism development (Gursoy and Rutherford 2004).
Critically review any two of the following theories which have been employed to study community attitudes towards tourism development. Use suitable instances to demonstrate your arguments.
i. Tourism Area Life Cycle
ii. Doxey’s Irridex model
iii. Social Exchange Theory
Sustainable tourism as an emerging paradigm seems to improve the existing conceptual frameworks on tourism planning and development by making the residents its focal point.
Critically discuss and examine the chief themes of sustainable community tourism.