Our advances in genetics have opened the door to enhancements in the quality of life for many children, and have as well initiated many debates on the ethical and moral considerations of genetic testing and intervention. In this discussion, you will describe a foundational knowledge of a child's developmental continuum from conception through addressing one of these debates for your original post.
From the required resources consulted, recognize two genetic tests routinely provided to women throughout their pregnancy. Citing at least one of these, or selecting at least one other scholarly resource, describe at least two advantages and two risks of each procedure. In your opinion, do the benefits of such procedures outweigh the risks posed to either the mother or fetus? describe why or why not? Apply this information by selecting one of the scenarios below and address the specific issues presented supporting your conclusions with references from your sources:
Choice A: Sarah and Tony are expecting their first child. When the doctor asks the couple if they are interested in having an invasive genetic test done, Sarah says, "yes", though, Tony is more hesitant and would prefer not to take the risk. What is the father's role in this decision considering the historical and contextual role of fathers in making decisions regarding pregnancy? What other issues, comprising family history, financial constraints, or ethics/morals, play in the decision of whether or not these parents must move forward with genetic testing? Be sure to support your conclusions with references from your sources.
Choice B: Kerry and Greg just found out that they are expecting a baby. Greg knows that there is a family history of sickle cell mutation, and is worried. When their doctor announces a brand new experimental process to intervene while the fetus is in utero and correct the mutation, Greg is much excited. Kerry, though, is concerned about the risks and what it would mean to modify the genetics of their unborn child. Give an argument either for or against intervening with genetic development prior to birth in order to prevent developmental, learning or cognitive, or physical disabilities. What about modifying things such as hair or eye color, sex, or cosmetic issues (such as missing or deformed limbs)? At what point should we draw the line between improving the quality of life and incorporating unnecessary risk in the quest for perfection? Be sure to validate your conclusions with references from your sources.