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These are four of the common approaches to reasoning.

One approach suggests that all humans share to understanding humans share fundamental logical rules or methods of reasoning.

A second approach, "Availability Theory", suggests that we attempt to solve problems using methods that previously worked with problems that seem similar.

The third approach argues that certain social cues elicit problem-solving strategies that will maintain consistency with our beliefs.

The forth approach proposes that we construct "Mental Models" to represent the problem and logically manipulate theses internal representations to reach conclusions

1) Compare and contrast the four approaches to reasoning listed above,

2) and describe how the context of the problem can influence the choice of approach to use.

3) Describe a time when you experienced "Functional Fixedness" in trying to solve a problem.

4) describe how cultural or social expectations created the mental set that prohibited you from solving it easily.

5) How did you 'think out of the box' to solve it?

Use scholarly sources to support your answers. Cite all sources with APA format

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