Ask Question, Ask an Expert

+1-415-315-9853

info@mywordsolution.com

Ask Homework Help/Study Tips Expert

Assignment: Figure (below and at http://bit.ly/hHzMfm) is a process-flow representation of Earth’s energy balance. Based on Figures 2.15 and 2.16 of Ahrens, or Figures 2.17 and 2.18 of Ahrens et al., each of Space, Atmosphere and Earth is represented as a source/sink for energy-transfer processes in figure below.

problem a) In Figure below:

i) List all processes that transfer energy via radiation.

ii) List all non-radiative processes that transfer energy.

iii) Grouping by each of the four steps identified (the numbers in figure below), itemize the 12 source-process-sink relationships.

problem b) Figure (http://bit.ly/h5Bj4t) is the Base representation of the Energy Balance Climate Model (EBCM). Figure (http://bit.ly/fo3Dk9) is a scenario for a 2% increase in CO2 - the only changes in Figure three versus Figure two are the differences in the entries for cells C31 and C32 in Figure 3. Based on a comparison of Figures two and three:

i) State the resulting temperature difference in oC.

ii) State the resulting increase in the concentration of CO2 in ppm.

iii) Using Figure first, describe the temperature and [CO2] impact in terms of process flows.

786_process flow diagram.jpg

 
Figure: Process-flow diagram for Earth’s energy balance. For a larger version of this figure, see http://bit.ly/hHzMfm.

problem c) Table (below) provides a tabulation of reflected energy (W/m2) as a function of temperature difference (oC) based on modeling with EBCM.

i) Create a graph of temperature difference (vertical axis) against reflected energy (horizontal axis).

ii) Determine the largest, negative temperature difference over the past 400,000 years from the Vostok ice core data at http://bit.ly/fue5rO. State this value.

iii) Using the graph created in 1(c)(i), estimate the energy reflected for the largest, negative temperature difference identified in 1(c)(ii).

iv) Determine the ratio of reflected energy as a percentage for the result obtained in 1(c)(iii) relative to the current value (i.e., the value corresponding to a temperature difference of 0 oC in Table).

v) Using Figure first, describe the reflected-energy ratio derived in 1(c)(iv) in terms of process flows.

173_reflcted energy table.jpg

Table: Reflected energy as a function of temperature difference as modeled by EBCM. The 0.0 value of temperature difference corresponds to the current value - as provided by Ahrens Figures 2.15 and 2.16, or Figures 2.17 and 2.18 of Ahrens et al.

problem d) Based on the solar irradiance versus time data available at http://bit.ly/gSLHbe, Earth has experienced a 2 W/m2 variation over the past 30 years.

i) Acquire a copy of the EBCM model. Change the value of the solar constant (cell D4) from 1367 W/m2 to 1365 W/m2, allow the spreadsheet to refind out, and state the resulting temperature difference (cell D6) in oC.

ii) Using Figure first, describe the result derived in 1(d)(i) in terms of process flows.

iii) find out the percentage change implied by use of 1365 W/m2 for the solar constant in 1(d)(i).

iv)  Based on the results obtained in 1(d)(ii) and 1(d)(iii), what can be concluded about variations in solar irradiance - and therefore the solar constant.

problem e) Based on the climatic data available from The Weather Network for Toronto online at http://bit.ly/fWNCgx:

i) Using just the average temperature data, classify the climate of Toronto according to Koppen’s Climatic Classification System (KCCS, Ahrens, 5th Edition, Appendix G or Ahrens et al., 1st Canadian Edition, Table 17.1). Justify.

ii) Based on modeling with EBCM, a 3% increase in [CO2] will result in a 2oC increase in temperature. If this 2oC increase in temperature applies to the average temperature data for Toronto, what is the resulting climatic classification based on KCCS? Justify.

Homework Help/Study Tips, Others

  • Category:- Homework Help/Study Tips
  • Reference No.:- M9359

Have any Question? 


Related Questions in Homework Help/Study Tips

Question 1when considering the risk-utility balance courts

Question 1 When considering the risk-utility balance, courts consider: the extent of the manufacturer's investment in making a safe product the profit of the manufacturers against the rate of consumer injury the safety s ...

Watching the video please write a short reaction paper 1-2

Watching the video please write a short reaction paper (1-2 pages- No line spacing) about the Love Canal tragedy.  I would like for you to focus on two issues:  1) The failure of government to properly regulate both prio ...

You are the city administrator for your community you

You are the City Administrator for your community. You received a letter from a community member demanding to know why their tax dollars are being used by the city for landscaping instead of for the police, and why they ...

Write a 700- to 1050-word paper analyzing the humanistic

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper analyzing the humanistic approaches to personality. Your paper should cover the following areas: Compare person-centered theory with Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Use Maslow's hierarchy of ...

Rethinking racism bonilla-silva questions1 in the opening

RETHINKING RACISM: BONILLA-SILVA QUESTIONS 1. In the opening quote: "The habit of considering racism as a mental quirk, as a psychological flaw, must be abandoned." What does Frantz Fanon (1967:77) mean by "mental quirk" ...

Select 1 of the following disorders oppositional defiant

Select 1 of the following disorders: Oppositional defiant disorder Conduct disorder Antisocial personality disorder Kleptomania or pyromania Provide the following details about the disorder: What are some of the symptoms ...

1 discuss motives for mass killings providing examples2

1. Discuss motives for mass killings providing examples. 2. List two problems with current terrorism research and tracking.

Case study healing and autonomywrite a 1200-1500 word

Case Study: Healing and Autonomy Write a 1,200-1,500 word analysis of "Case Study: Healing and Autonomy." In light of the readings, be sure to address the following questions: 1. Under the Christian narrative and Christi ...

Assignment post-merger analysisin todays uncertain economic

Assignment: Post-Merger Analysis In today's uncertain economic and regulatory environment for the health services industry, many organizations may be presented with merger and acquisition opportunities to gain market sha ...

Correction systems and practices - philosophy of the us

Correction Systems and Practices - Philosophy of the U.S. Corrections System Complete a 3 page paper on the philosophy of the U.S. corrections system. How has the philosophy of the U.S. corrections system changed over th ...

  • 4,153,160 Questions Asked
  • 13,132 Experts
  • 2,558,936 Questions Answered

Ask Experts for help!!

Looking for Assignment Help?

Start excelling in your Courses, Get help with Assignment

Write us your full requirement for evaluation and you will receive response within 20 minutes turnaround time.

Ask Now Help with Problems, Get a Best Answer

WalMart Identification of theory and critical discussion

Drawing on the prescribed text and/or relevant academic literature, produce a paper which discusses the nature of group

Section onea in an atwood machine suppose two objects of

SECTION ONE (a) In an Atwood Machine, suppose two objects of unequal mass are hung vertically over a frictionless

Part 1you work in hr for a company that operates a factory

Part 1: You work in HR for a company that operates a factory manufacturing fiberglass. There are several hundred empl

Details on advanced accounting paperthis paper is intended

DETAILS ON ADVANCED ACCOUNTING PAPER This paper is intended for students to apply the theoretical knowledge around ac

Create a provider database and related reports and queries

Create a provider database and related reports and queries to capture contact information for potential PC component pro