Ask Question, Ask an Expert


Ask Homework Help/Study Tips Expert

Assignment: Figure (below and at is a process-flow representation of Earth’s energy balance. Based on Figures 2.15 and 2.16 of Ahrens, or Figures 2.17 and 2.18 of Ahrens et al., each of Space, Atmosphere and Earth is represented as a source/sink for energy-transfer processes in figure below.

problem a) In Figure below:

i) List all processes that transfer energy via radiation.

ii) List all non-radiative processes that transfer energy.

iii) Grouping by each of the four steps identified (the numbers in figure below), itemize the 12 source-process-sink relationships.

problem b) Figure ( is the Base representation of the Energy Balance Climate Model (EBCM). Figure ( is a scenario for a 2% increase in CO2 - the only changes in Figure three versus Figure two are the differences in the entries for cells C31 and C32 in Figure 3. Based on a comparison of Figures two and three:

i) State the resulting temperature difference in oC.

ii) State the resulting increase in the concentration of CO2 in ppm.

iii) Using Figure first, describe the temperature and [CO2] impact in terms of process flows.

786_process flow diagram.jpg

Figure: Process-flow diagram for Earth’s energy balance. For a larger version of this figure, see

problem c) Table (below) provides a tabulation of reflected energy (W/m2) as a function of temperature difference (oC) based on modeling with EBCM.

i) Create a graph of temperature difference (vertical axis) against reflected energy (horizontal axis).

ii) Determine the largest, negative temperature difference over the past 400,000 years from the Vostok ice core data at State this value.

iii) Using the graph created in 1(c)(i), estimate the energy reflected for the largest, negative temperature difference identified in 1(c)(ii).

iv) Determine the ratio of reflected energy as a percentage for the result obtained in 1(c)(iii) relative to the current value (i.e., the value corresponding to a temperature difference of 0 oC in Table).

v) Using Figure first, describe the reflected-energy ratio derived in 1(c)(iv) in terms of process flows.

173_reflcted energy table.jpg

Table: Reflected energy as a function of temperature difference as modeled by EBCM. The 0.0 value of temperature difference corresponds to the current value - as provided by Ahrens Figures 2.15 and 2.16, or Figures 2.17 and 2.18 of Ahrens et al.

problem d) Based on the solar irradiance versus time data available at, Earth has experienced a 2 W/m2 variation over the past 30 years.

i) Acquire a copy of the EBCM model. Change the value of the solar constant (cell D4) from 1367 W/m2 to 1365 W/m2, allow the spreadsheet to refind out, and state the resulting temperature difference (cell D6) in oC.

ii) Using Figure first, describe the result derived in 1(d)(i) in terms of process flows.

iii) find out the percentage change implied by use of 1365 W/m2 for the solar constant in 1(d)(i).

iv)  Based on the results obtained in 1(d)(ii) and 1(d)(iii), what can be concluded about variations in solar irradiance - and therefore the solar constant.

problem e) Based on the climatic data available from The Weather Network for Toronto online at

i) Using just the average temperature data, classify the climate of Toronto according to Koppen’s Climatic Classification System (KCCS, Ahrens, 5th Edition, Appendix G or Ahrens et al., 1st Canadian Edition, Table 17.1). Justify.

ii) Based on modeling with EBCM, a 3% increase in [CO2] will result in a 2oC increase in temperature. If this 2oC increase in temperature applies to the average temperature data for Toronto, what is the resulting climatic classification based on KCCS? Justify.

Homework Help/Study Tips, Others

  • Category:- Homework Help/Study Tips
  • Reference No.:- M9359

Have any Question? 

Related Questions in Homework Help/Study Tips

Presentationthe assignment this week is part i of that

Presentation: The assignment this week is Part I of that presentation. For this assignment, Part 1, you will provide an overview of the U.S. healthcare system. Follow the instructions below to complete this part of your ...

Homeland security assignmentcomplete the

Homeland Security Assignment Complete the following: • Address the following in 750 words by drafting a memorandum for the city's leaders listed above; define any terms that you will use with which they may be unfamiliar ...

Scholarly activity interview questionsimagine that you have

Scholarly Activity: Interview Questions Imagine that you have been granted an interview by a world-renowned, female religious leader. What would you like to know concerning her beliefs, her struggles, and her successes? ...

Adolescence discussion- according to erickson the crisis of

Adolescence Discussion- According to Erickson, the crisis of adolescence is one of identity versus role confusion, which propels an individual from the simplistic identity of childhood to a more integrated and complex vi ...

Assignment healthcare financial management and

Assignment : Healthcare Financial Management and Economics Supply of Primary Care Workforce Scenario: Your hospital has an opportunity to participate with an Accountable Care Organization (ACO) contract with 10,000 ACO p ...

Music appreciationmaster musicians of the ikuta-ryu lesson

Music appreciation Master Musicians of the Ikuta-Ryu Lesson 4 1. Regarding Master Musicians of the Ikuta-Ryu's Cherry Blossom: Did you like this Piece? Why or why not? Do you think that this piece tells the story that it ...

Assignment the missing linkbased on your reading of the

Assignment: The Missing Link Based on your reading of the article "The Missing Link: Measuring and Managing the Financial Performance of the Human Capital Investment", answer the following questions in a 2-3 page APA sty ...

Please answers each of the following in a brief paragraph1

Please answers each of the following in a brief paragraph. 1. Please explain why we should have cause for concern regarding the Bioethical issues facing us in today's modern contemporary Society 2. When does an individua ...

Discussion social security and social welfare programsfor

Discussion: Social Security and Social Welfare Programs For years, many working individuals in the United States have counted on Social Security as their primary retirement income. With the deductions from every paycheck ...

You studied the topic of eminent domain which is the power

You studied the topic of eminent domain, which is the power to take private property, without permission from the owner, for public use by a state, municipality or private person or authorized corporation, following the ...

  • 4,153,160 Questions Asked
  • 13,132 Experts
  • 2,558,936 Questions Answered

Ask Experts for help!!

Looking for Assignment Help?

Start excelling in your Courses, Get help with Assignment

Write us your full requirement for evaluation and you will receive response within 20 minutes turnaround time.

Ask Now Help with Problems, Get a Best Answer

Section onea in an atwood machine suppose two objects of

SECTION ONE (a) In an Atwood Machine, suppose two objects of unequal mass are hung vertically over a frictionless

Part 1you work in hr for a company that operates a factory

Part 1: You work in HR for a company that operates a factory manufacturing fiberglass. There are several hundred empl

Details on advanced accounting paperthis paper is intended

DETAILS ON ADVANCED ACCOUNTING PAPER This paper is intended for students to apply the theoretical knowledge around ac

Create a provider database and related reports and queries

Create a provider database and related reports and queries to capture contact information for potential PC component pro

Describe what you learned about the impact of economic

Describe what you learned about the impact of economic, social, and demographic trends affecting the US labor environmen