Ask Question, Ask an Expert

+1-415-315-9853

info@mywordsolution.com

Ask Homework Help/Study Tips Expert

Assignment: Figure (below and at http://bit.ly/hHzMfm) is a process-flow representation of Earth’s energy balance. Based on Figures 2.15 and 2.16 of Ahrens, or Figures 2.17 and 2.18 of Ahrens et al., each of Space, Atmosphere and Earth is represented as a source/sink for energy-transfer processes in figure below.

problem a) In Figure below:

i) List all processes that transfer energy via radiation.

ii) List all non-radiative processes that transfer energy.

iii) Grouping by each of the four steps identified (the numbers in figure below), itemize the 12 source-process-sink relationships.

problem b) Figure (http://bit.ly/h5Bj4t) is the Base representation of the Energy Balance Climate Model (EBCM). Figure (http://bit.ly/fo3Dk9) is a scenario for a 2% increase in CO2 - the only changes in Figure three versus Figure two are the differences in the entries for cells C31 and C32 in Figure 3. Based on a comparison of Figures two and three:

i) State the resulting temperature difference in oC.

ii) State the resulting increase in the concentration of CO2 in ppm.

iii) Using Figure first, describe the temperature and [CO2] impact in terms of process flows.

786_process flow diagram.jpg

 
Figure: Process-flow diagram for Earth’s energy balance. For a larger version of this figure, see http://bit.ly/hHzMfm.

problem c) Table (below) provides a tabulation of reflected energy (W/m2) as a function of temperature difference (oC) based on modeling with EBCM.

i) Create a graph of temperature difference (vertical axis) against reflected energy (horizontal axis).

ii) Determine the largest, negative temperature difference over the past 400,000 years from the Vostok ice core data at http://bit.ly/fue5rO. State this value.

iii) Using the graph created in 1(c)(i), estimate the energy reflected for the largest, negative temperature difference identified in 1(c)(ii).

iv) Determine the ratio of reflected energy as a percentage for the result obtained in 1(c)(iii) relative to the current value (i.e., the value corresponding to a temperature difference of 0 oC in Table).

v) Using Figure first, describe the reflected-energy ratio derived in 1(c)(iv) in terms of process flows.

173_reflcted energy table.jpg

Table: Reflected energy as a function of temperature difference as modeled by EBCM. The 0.0 value of temperature difference corresponds to the current value - as provided by Ahrens Figures 2.15 and 2.16, or Figures 2.17 and 2.18 of Ahrens et al.

problem d) Based on the solar irradiance versus time data available at http://bit.ly/gSLHbe, Earth has experienced a 2 W/m2 variation over the past 30 years.

i) Acquire a copy of the EBCM model. Change the value of the solar constant (cell D4) from 1367 W/m2 to 1365 W/m2, allow the spreadsheet to refind out, and state the resulting temperature difference (cell D6) in oC.

ii) Using Figure first, describe the result derived in 1(d)(i) in terms of process flows.

iii) find out the percentage change implied by use of 1365 W/m2 for the solar constant in 1(d)(i).

iv)  Based on the results obtained in 1(d)(ii) and 1(d)(iii), what can be concluded about variations in solar irradiance - and therefore the solar constant.

problem e) Based on the climatic data available from The Weather Network for Toronto online at http://bit.ly/fWNCgx:

i) Using just the average temperature data, classify the climate of Toronto according to Koppen’s Climatic Classification System (KCCS, Ahrens, 5th Edition, Appendix G or Ahrens et al., 1st Canadian Edition, Table 17.1). Justify.

ii) Based on modeling with EBCM, a 3% increase in [CO2] will result in a 2oC increase in temperature. If this 2oC increase in temperature applies to the average temperature data for Toronto, what is the resulting climatic classification based on KCCS? Justify.

Homework Help/Study Tips, Others

  • Category:- Homework Help/Study Tips
  • Reference No.:- M9359

Have any Question? 


Related Questions in Homework Help/Study Tips

Peggy realizes she cant really run this company by herself

Peggy realizes she can't really run this company by herself and day to day operations will entail tasks such as securing sales contracts, knocking on doors, making phone calls, developing her ideas into marketable gaming ...

Write a 250-word minimum response to each writing prompt

Write a 250-word (minimum) response to each writing prompt below. Must include quotes from each text. Be sure to quote, cite, and reference from the text(s) using appropriate APA format. In "Cathedral," how would you des ...

Multiple choice questions part a -1 the basic premise of

Multiple Choice Questions Part A - 1. The basic premise of strain theory is that crime occurs when: a. there is a discrepancy between the materialistic values and goals cherished in our society and the availability of le ...

In this assignment you will review your current level of

In this assignment, you will review your current level of adjustment. Write a one to two (1-2) page paper in which you: Reflect on how well you are: a. adjusting to your life in terms of subjective well-being, diversity, ...

Identify and explain 3 firm techniques from movie dare to

Identify and explain 3 firm techniques from Movie "dare to dream" 1-2 pages. Please edit for grammar.

Venture capitalbefore beginning a new venture-whether it is

Venture Capital Before beginning a new venture-whether it is a new service, product, or division-an organization must investigate the start-up costs associated with planning, producing, and maintaining the venture. As an ...

Choose one review topic if your last name begins with the

Choose one review topic If your last name begins with the letters A-K, choose topics 1 - 10 If your last name begins with the letters L - Z, choose topics 11 - 21 Explain the topic thoroughly Provide a citation to the in ...

Biology please responds to the following thinking back on

"Biology" Please responds to the following: Thinking back on what you have learned in this course, discuss the single most interesting or surprising thing you learned, as well as what made it so. If you were to speak wit ...

Read the article - obesity get schools focused on

Read the article - Obesity get schools focused on exercise. Link - http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/2011/oct/28/a-student-measurement-of-worry/ The paper should be two pages. Make sure to make 5 points that are relevan ...

Write a response to the follwoing questioncompare and

Write a response to the follwoing question (Compare and contrast one character citing a preference of the portrayal on film or on stage. Support your selection and with specific choices that the actors made in bringing t ...

  • 4,153,160 Questions Asked
  • 13,132 Experts
  • 2,558,936 Questions Answered

Ask Experts for help!!

Looking for Assignment Help?

Start excelling in your Courses, Get help with Assignment

Write us your full requirement for evaluation and you will receive response within 20 minutes turnaround time.

Ask Now Help with Problems, Get a Best Answer

Section onea in an atwood machine suppose two objects of

SECTION ONE (a) In an Atwood Machine, suppose two objects of unequal mass are hung vertically over a frictionless

Part 1you work in hr for a company that operates a factory

Part 1: You work in HR for a company that operates a factory manufacturing fiberglass. There are several hundred empl

Details on advanced accounting paperthis paper is intended

DETAILS ON ADVANCED ACCOUNTING PAPER This paper is intended for students to apply the theoretical knowledge around ac

Create a provider database and related reports and queries

Create a provider database and related reports and queries to capture contact information for potential PC component pro

Describe what you learned about the impact of economic

Describe what you learned about the impact of economic, social, and demographic trends affecting the US labor environmen