Suppose that a physician, Dr. Robinson is caring for a patient, Mr. Mills who is suffering from end stage pancreatic cancer. The patient is in so much pain that he can barely speak enough to communicate the level of discomfort. Dr. Robinson considers administering morphine to Mr. Mills', but feels that there is a reasonable chance that it will shorten Mr. Mills' lifespan. Should the doctor administer the morphine or not?
1. In brief define the ethical principle of Double Effect in your own words, and describe how it applies specifically to this scenario.
2. Based on your review of the literature related to this practice of over-medicating terminal patients, briefly identify one argument in favor of administering the drug, and one opposing argument.