Have anyone considered why in the clinical setting you don't want to challenge an adolescent's belief system? To them is it just one more adult which does not understand? The only risk (and I do not mean to minimize this) is that of risk taking. The problem is that teens think they are invincible and can't be hurt - this could lead to risk taking behavior. The implications are that in therapy, this kind of egocentrism can be employed by the therapist to help an adolescent arrive at the conclusion that risk taking is not a good idea. Not through argument - however instead allowing them to come to that conclusion by themselves. Videos are great resources as long as they are not produced specifically for this reason (kids can tell). The relevance of cognitive-social immaturity is in addressing the risk behaviors of adolescents. High-quality vocational training which integrates academic and job-related instruction helps students see the relevance of what happens in the classroom to their future goals. Remedial instruction and counseling which offer personalized attention can help overcome the negative psychological consequences of repeated school failure. Efforts should be made to address the many factors in students; lives associated to leaving school early. Participation in extracurricular activities can draw some marginal students into the community life of the school. As the adolescent matures some of this will cure itself - however the clinician must address the risk-taking if this has become a problem with skill and understanding.