For the purposes of this project you may take one of two positions. One position will be as Financial Analyst/Planner reviewing a publicly held corporation as possible addition to portfolio. Other position will be as Financial Analyst in the corporation reviewing annual statements of company and making suggestions on how to proceed in future from financial standpoint.
How to examine a Company
1. Examine company's Fundamentals of Financial Management in detail.
2. Valuation of securities. (Stocks, bonds, Risk management) For instance answer problem of "How does in fit in a portfolio?" (i.e. Is company volatile in its Stock Price and poor (stock price) performer, are earning volatile yet has strong and consistent dividends and hence may be good choice risk adverse portfolio.)
3. Add your own ideas and areas of analysis. If you are taking subtitute approach of internal corporate analyst.