Illustrate how the common trends of HRM reforms undertaken by Governments of developed countries have:
(a) Reduced the gap between public and private HRM;
(b) Provided scope for better flexibility and decentralization in terms of human resource management in public sector organisations;
(c) Enhanced managerial and organisational accountability of public servants.
In cases where a Government judges that rightsizing would mean reducing the number of staff, how must it go about it.
“A meritocratic civil service is of universal significance to performance.”
(a) What are the major ingredients of a merit-based appointment system?
(b) Describe why, probably, no public administration operates a pure merit recruitment system?
“Major socio-economic challenges are confronting Governments and posing serious problems about the sustainability and integrity of key features of public sector human resource system.”
Describe how the following challenges are having a direct impact on public sector HRM:
i) Demographic changes
ii) Labour migration
iii) HIV AIDS
Elaborate on four non-monetary incentives which are considered as key factors in motivating employees particularly in the context of Government.