Describe the meaning of the twelve standards of policing proposed by Robert Peel. describe why each of these principles is still important today.
1. The police must be stable and efficient and organized along military lines.
2. The police must be under governmental control.
3. The absence of crime will best prove the efficiency of police.
4. The distribution of crime news is essential.
5. The deployment of police strength both by time and area is essential.
6. No quality is more indispensable to a policeman than a perfect command of temper; a quiet, determined manner has more effect than violent action.
7. Good appearance commands respect.
8. The securing and training of proper persons is at the root of efficiency.
9. Public security demands that every police officer be given a number.
10. Police headquarters should be centrally located and easily accessible to the people.
11. Policeman should be hired on a probationary basis.
12. Police records are necessary to correct distribution of police strength.