The judicial system as we know it is a complex network of courts that hear various types of cases on a daily basis. Each one has been refined over the decades to hear fundamental cases established by the U.S. Supreme Court and the U.S. Constitution. Whether criminal or civil, each court maintains general, original, and appellate jurisdiction. The relationship between federal and state courts is complex, yet the interaction is fluid in nature.
Critically discuss the relationship between the federal and state court systems as well as what determines the cases that will be heard and in which courts.