problem1. Robert Merton’s version of anomie-strain theory is based on premise that society encourages the individual to engage in deviance. describe
problem2. According to Merton’s goal-means gap theory, people could respond to socially created pressures in a number of ways. describe carefully five ways an individual can adapt to such pressures.
“Despite years of research, most sociologists can’t agree upon a precise definition of deviance.”
a) Compare and contrast the positivist and constructionist perspectives on deviance.
b) How do they differ but also work together to give a better definition of deviance?
problem4. Jefferson (1997) and Gadd (2002) have suggested that “a psychosocial perspective is also important as masculinity is shaped by psyches and not just social structural forces and processes.”
(a) The psychosocial perspective; and
(b) The social structural forces and processes
Play a role in disproportionate involvement of men in crime and deviance.