You have decided to advance refund $10,000,000 of outstanding debt that is callable in five years. The interest rate on these bonds is 8 percent. You can issue new bonds at 6 percent. For every dollar of new debt issued, you will incur a 5 percent issuance cost. Interest payments on the present issue are $800,000 per year with no scheduled principal payments.
How much new debt needs to be issued to realize defeasance of the present issue?