The management of a firm wants to introduce a new product. The product will sell for $4 a unit and can be produced by either of 2 scales of operation. In the first, total costs are:
TC= $3,000 + $2.8Q.
In the 2nd scale of operation, total costs are
TC = $5,000 + $2.4Q.
a. What is the break-even level of the output for each scale of operation?
b. What will be the firms profit for each scale of operation if sales reach 5,000 units?
c. One-half of the fixed costs are noncash (depreciation). All other expenses are for cash. If sales are 2,000 units, will cash receipts cover cash expenses for each scale of operation?
d. The anticipated levels of scale are:
Year Unit Sales
If management selects the scale of production with higher fixed cost, what can it expect in years 1 and 2? On what grounds can management justify selecting this scale of operation? If sales reach only 5,000 a year, was the correct scale of operation chosen?