There are many states and federal employment laws covering different workplaces, however they don't necessarily influence every employer or employee. As a manager or an HR professional, you are expected to understand the fundamental laws regarding employees and at-will employment. Consider each of the given illustrations of employees and their employment conditions, and address any issues regarding the areas an employer must have considered prior to offering a position to a particular employee:
David is an X-ray technician in a city-owned acute-care hospital. Sara works as a paralegal for a lawyer who owns the law practice. John works as a laborer in a medium-sized factory owned by his father. Fifteen year old Louise, a high school student, picks tomatoes for an organic farmer throughout her summer break.