1) Springer Products wishes to borrow $80,000 from a local bank using its accounts receivable to secure the loan. The banks policy is to accept as collateral any accounts that are normally paid within 30 days of the end of the credit period, as long as the average age of the account is not greater than the customers average payment period. Springers accounts receivable, their average ages, and the average payment period for each customerare shown in the following table. The company extends terms of net 30 days.
Customer/ Account Rec/ average age of acct/ average pymt period of customer
A $20,000 10 days 40 days
B 6,000 40 35
C 22,000 62 50
D 11,000 68 65
E 2,000 14 30
F 12,000 38 50
G 27,000 55 60
H 19,000 20 35
a. find out the dollar amount of acceptable accounts receivable collateral held by Springer Products.
b. The bank reduces collateral by 10% for returns and allowances. What is the level of acceptable collateral under this condition?
c. The bank will advance 75% against the firms acceptable collateral (after adjusting for returns and allowances). What amount can Springer borrow against these accounts?
2) Raymond Manufacturing faces a liquidity crisisâ?"it needs a loan of $100,000 for 1 month. Having no source of additional unsecured borrowing, the firm must find a secured short-term lender. The firm's accounts receivable are quite low, but its inventory is considered liquid and reasonably good collateral. The book value of the inventory is $300,000, of which $120,000 is finished goods. (Note: Assume a 365-day year.)
(1) City-Wide Bank will make a $100,000 trust receipt loan against the finished goods inventory. The annual interest rate on the loan is 12% on the outstanding loan balance plus a 0.25% administration fee levied against the $100,000 initial loan amount. Because it will be liquidated as inventory is sold, the average amount owed over the month is expected to be $75,000.
(2) Sun State Bank will lend $100,000 against a floating lien on the book value of inventory for the 1-month period at an annual interest rate of 13%.
(3) Citizens' Bank and Trust will lend $100,000 against a warehouse receipt on the finished goods inventory and charge 15% annual interest on the outstanding loan balance. A 0.5% warehousing fee will be levied against the average amount borrowed. Because the loan will be liquidated as inventory is sold, the average loan balance is expected to be $60,000.
a. find out the dollar cost of each of the proposed plans for obtaining an initial loan amount of $100,000.
b. Which plan do you recommend? Why?
c. If the firm had made a purchase of $100,000 for which it had been given terms of 2/10 net 30, would it increase the firm's profitability to give up the discount and not borrow as recommended in part b? Why or why not?