On August 1, 2008, William signed the non cancellable order to purchase machine from a company located in Japan. The contracted price was 6,000,000 yen, payable on January 31, 2009. The machine would be delivered to William on November 1, 2008.
In order to hedge against strengthening of the yen, William entered into forward exchange contract on August 1, 2008, to purchase 6,000,000 yen on January 31, 2009.
On November 1, 2008, the transaction date, the U.S. company received machine from the Japanese company. Spot and forward exchange rates on various dates follow:
Spot Rate ($/1 yen) Forward Exchange Rate ($/1 yen)
August 1, 2008 $0.0080 $0.0084
November 1, 2008 $0.0085 $0.0087
December 31, 2008 $0.0083 $0.0086
January 31, 2009 $0.0090
Prepare all journal entries in Microsoft Excel for William that pertains to acquisition of the machine and the forward exchange contract. Suppose a December 31 year-end.
As the international aspects of William’s business continue to expand, William purchases a controlling interest in Parisian Co., a French company located in Paris. Parisian has the euro as its local currency.
Your manager is vaguely aware that designation of functional currency for Parisian might have significant and potentially different consequences for the consolidated financial statements of the parent company and its foreign subsidiaries. Being mindful of the bottom line, your manager makes it clear to you that he or she will strongly prefer that you select the functional currency which will be likely to have the most favourable (or least negative) potential impact on consolidated net income.
Address the following specific points:
In which currency would the year-end consolidated financial statements be prepared?
Will the financial statements be translated or remeasured? How will you determine this? Describe the rationale for your answer.
How will an asset such as Buildings be accounted for using each method (translation vs. remeasurement)?
Provide succinct but complete communication and avoid the use of accounting jargon given the nature of the audience.
Cite any sources you use using the correct APA format on a separate page.