You are interested in proposing a new venture to the management of your company. Relevant financial information is given below.
Cash 2,000,000 Accounts Payable and Accruals 18,000,000
Accounts Receivable 28,000,000 Notes Payable 40,000,000
Inventories 42,000,000 Long-Term Debt 60,000,000
Preferred Stock 10,000,000
Net Fixed Assets 133,000,000 Common Equity 77,000,000
Total Assets 205,000,000 Total Claims 205,000,000
• Last year’s sales were $225,000,000.
• The company has 60,000 bonds with a 30-year life outstanding, with 15 years until maturity. The bonds carry a 10 percent semi-annual coupon, and are presently selling for $874.78.
• You also have 100,000 shares of $100 par, 9% dividend perpetual preferred stock outstanding. The present market price is $90.00. Any new issues of preferred stock will incur a $3.00 per share flotation cost.
• The company has 10 million shares of common stock outstanding with a at present price of $14.00 per share. The stock exhibits a constant growth rate of 10 percent. The last dividend (D0) was $.80. New stock can be sold with flotation costs, including market pressure, of 15 percent.
• The risk-free rate is presently 6 percent, and rate of return on the stock market as a whole is 14 percent. Your stock’s beta is 1.22.
• Stockholders need a risk premium of 5 percent above return on the firms bonds.
• The firm expects to have extra retained earnings of $10 million in the coming year, and expects depreciation expenses of $35 million.
• Your firm does not use notes payable for long-term financing.
• The firm considers its present market value capital structure to be optimal, and wishes to maintain that structure. (Hint: Examine the market value of the firm’s capital structure, rather than its book value.)
• The firm is at present using its assets at capacity.
• The firm’s management requires a 2 percent adjustment to the cost of capital for risky projects.
• Your firm’s federal + state marginal tax rate is 40%.
• Your firm’s dividend payout ratio is 50 percent, and net profit margin was 8.89 percent.
• The firm has following investment opportunities presently available in addition to the venture that you are proposing:
Project Cost IRR
A 10,000,000 20%
B 20,000,000 18%
C 15,000,000 14%
D 30,000,000 12%
E 25,000,000 10%
Your venture will consist of a new product introduction (You must label your venture as Project I, for “introduction”). You estimate that your product would have a six-year life span, and the equipment used to manufacture the project falls into the MACRS 5-year class. Your venture will need a capital investment of $15,000,000 in equipment, plus $2,000,000 in installation costs. The venture will also result in an increase in accounts receivable and inventories of $4,000,000. At the end of the six-year life span of the venture, you estimate that the equipment can be sold at a $4,000,000 salvage value.
Your venture, that management considers fairly risky, will increase fixed costs by a constant $1,000,000 per year, while variable costs of the venture will equal 30 percent of revenues. You are projecting that revenues generated by project will equal $5,000,000 in year 1, $10,000,000 in year 2, $14,000,000 in year 3, $16,000,000 in year 4, $12,000,000 in year 5, and $8,000,000 in year 6.
The following list of steps provides a structure which you must use in analyzing your new venture.
Note: Carry all final calculations to two decimal places.
1. Determine the costs of the individual capital components:
a. long-term debt
b. preferred stock
c. retained earnings (avg. of CAPM, DCF, & bond yield + risk premium approaches)
d. new common stock
2. find out the value of the long-term elements of the capital structure, and find out the target percentages for the optimal capital structure. Carry weights to 4 decimal places.
3. find out the retained earnings break point.
4. Draw the MCCF schedule, including depreciation-generated funds in the schedule.
5. find out the Year 9 investment for Project I.
6. find out the annual operating cash flows for years 1-6 of the project.
7. find out the extra non-operating cash flow at the end of year 6.
8. Draw a timeline which summarizes all of the cash flows for your venture
9. find out the IRR and payback period for Project I
10. Draw IOS schedule including Project I along with Projects A-F
11. Determine your firm’s cost of capital
12. Indicate which projects must be accepted based on your MCC and IOS schedules and why?
13. find out the NPV for Project I at the risk-adjusted cost of capital for the project. Should management adopt this project based on your analysis? Describe. Would your answer be different if the project were determined to be of average risk?