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problem1) Describe the various types of long-term financial sources? What are the advantages and disadvantages of each of them?

problem2) prepare brief notes on the following approaches to dividend policy affecting the value of the firm:

a) Walters model

b) Gordons model

c) Modigliani-Miller Model

.problem3) What is the difference between gross working capital and Net working capital. What are the sources of financing working capital? When will you follow a conservative approach to maintaining working capital and vice versa?

problem4) What are the variables in a credit policy. How does the change in these variables impact the net profit? Describe with an ex.


Paul Marriot is a director of Stortford Yachts Ltd. Company has traded for 30 years and has in the past achieved very good levels of growth and return on capital, but this is now changing. In recent time it has failed to introduce new product lines, relying on traditional products and little has been invested in Research or Product Development.

You are the business planning consultant for the firm of Management Consultants. Stortford Yachts is one of your clients. In recent times business has experienced increased turnover but a downturn in overall performance.

Paul Marriot has had the meeting with your Director and he has stated that he wants to introduce tighter management control within a company by introducing the system of responsibility accounting.

You receive the following memo from your Director, Pauline Changer, regarding this case.


To: Business Planning Assistant
Date: 21st May 2013
From: Pauline Changer, Director

Subject: Stortford Yachts Ltd. - accounts information

You are aware that I met with Paul Marriot yesterday and that he is concerned with recent results shown in the final accounts which have recently been prepared at year end.

The file attached contains the summary of company's abbreviated profit statements and balance sheets for the past three years; together with extra information and performance indicators for their business sector as a whole for the period under review.

I would like you to examine this information and meet with me on Friday morning to discuss the form and presentation of a detailed financial analysis of the company over the three-year period.

Signed: P. Changer

Financial information on Stortford Yachts Ltd.

Summary profit statements
                                               $m    $m    $m
                                            2010    2011    2012
Sales turnover                       5.12    5.93    6.32
Operating costs                     4.17    4.43    5.82
Operating profit before tax    0.95    1.5       0.5
Taxation(30%)                   0.665    1.05    0.35
Profit after tax                    0.285    0.45    0.15
Dividends                             0.12    0.16    0.08
Retained profit                     0.165    0.29    0.07
N.B. The firm's detailed breakdown of costs is as follows:
Years                                  2010    2011    2012
Labour costs                       0.93    0.98    1.25
Distribution costs                 0.44    0.49    0.61
Administration costs             0.19    0.22    0.27

2. Summary balance sheets
                                           $m         $m      $m
                                         2010       2011      2012
Fixed assets                       2.40         2.77       2.88
Current assets           
Raw materials                     0.09        0.12        0.15
Finished goods                    0.40        0.43        0.45
Debtors                              1.14        1.32        1.84
Bank                                   0.03       0.04         0.05
                                           1.66       1.91        2.49
Less Current liabilities            1.35      1.56        1.90
Net current assets                 0.31       0.35       0.59
                                             2.71       3.12      3.47
Capital and reserves               0.5         0.91      1.26
Bank loans                            2.21        2.21       2.21
                                            2.71        3.12       3.47

3. Yacht Builders Federation
Average ratios for federation members 2012
% Return on capital employed                                26.0%
Asset turnover                                                       1.79 times
Net profit margin                                                   14.5%
Current ratio                                                         1.5:1
Acid test ratio                                                      1.03:1
Debtors collection period                                      83 days
Gearing ratio                                                       32.0%
Labour cost % of sales                                        18.1%
Operating cost % of sales                                    85.5%
Distribution costs % of sales                                 9.5%
Admin costs % of sales                                        4.5%


In your role of planning assistant you are to plan an analysis of company's figures over three-year period using the performance criteria listed in the inter-firm comparison table.

1. Compute all the ratios given in an average ratios for federation members for 2010, 2011 and 2012.

2. Create a detailed report on the company's performance in terms of profitability and liquidity compared with the average of the sector over the period.

Financial Management, Finance

  • Category:- Financial Management
  • Reference No.:- M93229

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