Type I error, type II error, confidence level and sample size.
Assume you are tutoring a student next semester and they ask you to make clear the tradeoffs between P (Type I error), P (Type II error), significance level, confidence level, alpha, length of confidence interval, power, and sample size. Put together a 1-page "study sheet" to help them understand the concepts. Utilize whatever format you prefer - paragraphs, bullet points, figures, etc. You will be graded on accuracy, completeness (addressing each point above), and effectiveness (utility, ease of reading).