Michigan Mining and Manufacturing Assume that the firm now has assets slightly more than its debts. MMM has a debt obligation of $100 million and assets with a value of $102 million. The debt must be paid off very shortly. When this happens, the value of the debt will be $100 million and the value of the equity will be $2 million. Prior to paying off the debt, MMM has an opportunity to make a high risk investment. MMM is considering an investment of $20 million that will pay off $40 million or zero. The investment would have a NPV of either $20 million of -$20 million (NPV = the value of the payoff minus the investment). The investment would be paid for a with the firm's liquid cash holdings.
a. If the $40 million payoff (NPV=$20 million) occurs, what is the value of the equity? What is the value of debt?
b. If the zero payoff (NPV=$-20 million) occurs, what is the value of equity? What is the value of debt?
c. Assume the probability of the high payoff is 0.25 and the probability of the low payoff is 0.75. What is the expected NPV of the investment? What is the expected value of the firm?
d. What is the expected value of equity? What is the expected value of debt?