Q1) Major Corporation has 100,000 shares of $10 par value common stock outstanding and no preferred stock outstanding. Minor Corporation has 50,000 shares of $5 par value common stock and 20,000 share of $20 par value preferred stock. Preferred shares pay annual dividend of $2 each and are cumulative. Additionally, each preferred share can be converted into five shares of Minor's common stock at any time prior to December 31, 20X9. For year ended December 31, 20X4, Major reported operating earnings of $170,000, and Minor reported net income of $130,000. Major owns 60 percent of Minor's common shares and 30 percent of its preferred stock.
Major's chief accountant has no experience in calculating earnings per share and has concluded Major's primary and diluted EPS for 20X4 is $2.36.
As senior staff member of Major's accounting department, you have been asked to create memo to chief accountant which includes computations needed to find out primary and diluted earnings per share for consolidated entity. In your memo include citations to or quotations from authoritative accounting literature in support of procedures you use.