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1. Sleep Corporation was organized on January 1, 2011. During its first year, the corporation issued 40,000 shares of $5 par value preferred stock and 400,000 shares of $1 par value common stock. At December 31, the company declared the following cash dividends:

    2011    $  8,000
    2012    $30,000
    2013    $70,000


(a) Demonstrate the allocation of dividends to each class of stock, suppose preferred stock dividend is 5% and not cumulative.

(b) Demonstrate the allocation of dividends to each class of stock, suppose preferred stock dividend is 6% and cumulative.

(c) Journalize declaration of the cash dividend at December 31, 2013 using the assumption of part (b).

2. On January 1, 2012, Magnus Corporation had 60,000 shares of $1 par value common stock issued and outstanding. During the year, the following transactions occurred:

Mar.    1    Issued 25,000 shares of common stock for $550,000.
June    1    Declared a cash dividend of $2.00 per share to stockholders of record on June 15.
June    30    Paid the $2.00 cash dividend.
Dec.    1    Purchased 5,000 shares of common stock for the treasury for $22 per share.
Dec.    15    Declared a cash dividend on outstanding shares of $2.25 per share to stockholders of record on December 31.


Prepare journal entries to record the above transactions.

3. Rosco Company purchased 35,000 shares of common stock of Paxton Corporation as a long-term investment for $900,000. During the year, Paxton Corporation reported net income of $300,000 and paid dividends of $100,000.


(a) Supposing that 35,000 shares represent a 10% interest in Paxton Corporation:

1. Prepare journal entry to record investment in Paxton stock.

2. Prepare any entries which Rosco Company must make in accounting for its investment in Paxton stock during the year.

3. Find the balance of the Stock Investments account on Rosco Company's books at the end of the year?

(b) Repeat requirement (a) above except suppose that the 35,000 shares represent a 20% interest in Paxton Corporation.

4. Doctor Company prepared the tabulation below at December 31, 2012.

Net Income    $307,000
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation expense, $32,000   
Decrease in accounts receivable, $50,000   
Increase in inventory, $12,000   
Decrease in accounts payable, $8,600   
Increase in income taxes payable, $1,500   
Loss on sale of land, $5,000   
Net cash provided (used) by operating activities


Demonstrate how each item must be reported in statement of cash flows. Use parentheses for deductions.

5. A comparative balance sheet for Halpern Corporation is presented below:

Comparative Balance Sheet
                                                     2012        2011
Cash                                           $36,000       $31,000
Accounts receivable (net)               70,000        60,000
Prepaid insurance                           25,000       17,000
Land                                             18,000      40,000
Equipment                                     70,000       60,000
Accumulated depreciation              (20,000)       (13,000)
    Total Assets                           $199,000      $195,000

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
Accounts payable                        $ 11,000      $ 6,000
Bonds payable                             27,000         19,000
Common stock                            140,000        115,000
Retained earnings                         21,000        55,000
Total liabilities and                      $199,000     $195,000
stockholders' equity

Additional information:

1. Net loss for 2012 is $20,000.

2. Cash dividends of $14,000 were declared and paid in 2012.

3. Land was sold for cash at the loss of $4,000. This was only land transaction during the year.

4. Equipment with the cost of $15,000 and accumulated depreciation of $10,000 was sold for $5,000 cash.

5. $22,000 of bonds was retired during the year at carrying (book) value.

6. Equipment was obtained for common stock. Fair value of stock at the time of the exchange was $25,000.


Prepare the statement of cash flows for the year ended 2012, using indirect method.

6. Selected financial statement data for Moor Company are given below.

                                     December 31, 2013    December 31, 2012

Cash                                    $  40,000                   $30,000
Short-term investments            25,000                      18,000
Receivables (net)                   100,000                       80,000
Inventories                            85,000                        65,000
Total current liabilities             100,000                        90,000

During 2013, net sales were $950,000, and cost of goods sold was $775,000.


find out the following ratios at December 31, 2013 AND describe THEM IN YOUR OWN WORDS/ANALYSIS AS TO WHAT IT MEANS:

(a) Current.

(b) Acid-test.

(c) Receivables turnover.

(d) Inventory turnover.

Accounting Basics, Accounting

  • Category:- Accounting Basics
  • Reference No.:- M91918

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