Assignment: The International Monetary System and Monetary Unions
problem 1: Monetary Unions
On the EXCEL selected data on Country B for 10 years. Country B is a member of a monetary union with several other countries. During this 10 year period, the union central bank largely opted for monetary policy restraint and price stability in accordance with average economic developments in the monetary union.
A) In the absence of monetary policy and the exchange rate as stabilization instruments and given the monetary policy stance of the monetary union, briefly discuss the feasibility of using fiscal policy to stimulate the economy. Inform your discussion with a debt sustainability framework analysis in order to assess the “sustainable fiscal deficit.” Use the debt sustainability framework we discussed with regard to EMU convergence requirements and assume that a sustainable public debt/GDP ratio for Country B is the ratio achieved in year 10. Make sure to include a table with your debt sustainability calculations.
B) Discuss, illustrating with the appropriate AS/AD diagrams, why relinquishing monetary policy and exchange rate policy as stabilization instruments may prove costly for Country B. Assume that Country B lacks sufficient wage flexibility, labor mobility and integrated financial markets to adjust to shocks.
Note: Observe page limits, formatting guidelines and other instructions.
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