problem 1: Identify the functions related with any commercial organization. Give a brief explanation of each of the functions.
problem 2: Give a brief explanation of place of delivery, division of cost and transfer of risk for the exporter under Incoterms 1990 for:
a) DDP – delivered duty paid
b) CIF – cost insurance and freight
c) EXW – ex warehouse
d) FAS – free alongside ship
problem 3: What are the basic procedures for declaring dangerous goods?
problem 4: Around 90% of sea cargo is containerized. Identify five main merits of containerization.
problem 5: Identify the criteria which affect the actual base freight rate quoted by a shipping line.
problem 6: Give a short explanation of:
b) Ad valorem
problem 7: Under which circumstances would a seller request:
a) Revolving Letter of Credit
b) Transferable Letter of Credit
c) Confirmed Letter of credit
d) Standby Letter of Credit
problem 8: How does pre-shipment inspection assist the international buyer? describe the procedure undertaken by a PSI inspector and recognize the documentation comprised.