Fashionista Skincare has 10,000 shares of 3%, $20 par value preferred stock and 90,000 shares of $2 par common stock outstanding. Throughout a three-year period, Fashionista declared and paid cash dividends as shown: 2010, $3,000; 2011, $13,000; and 2012, $17,000.
1) find out the total dividends to prefer and to common for each of the three years if:
a. Preferred is non-cumulative.
b. Preferred is cumulative.
2) For requirement 1.b., journalize the declaration of the 2012 dividends on December 22, 2012, and payment on January 14, 2013. Use separate Dividends payable accounts for preferred and common.