Structural engineering , an inevitable part of civil engineering, deals with creating structures to perform specific functions by proper analysis and design that make sure that, whatever the external conditions occur, the structure keep functioning . In other words, structural engineers make sure that buildings don't fall down and bridges don't collapse. Structural engineering is one of the most fundamental engineering disciplines because it deals directly with the structural integrity and strength of a building or structure. Structural Engineering is concerned with the research, planning, design, construction, inspection, monitoring, maintenance, rehabilitation and demolition of permanent and temporary structures, as well as structural systems and their components. Structural engineering also considers technical and aesthetic features along with the environmental aspects.
It involves applying knowledge of physical laws as well as empirical research into the strength of different materials as well as the necessary geometry and calculations required for a structure to be sound. Some key ways that structural engineering affects projects include the design of the structure and an analysis of the structure. All construction projects must utilize the principles of structural engineering in order for the new building or structure to bear its own load and to be able to withstand the demands that will be placed upon it
Structures must be designed so that they can withstand their own weight as well as the loads and pressures that will be placed upon them. Structural engineers provide crucial information about roof types, foundations, floors, steel beams, material quality, retaining walls, and more. A thorough analysis of the structure according to the principles of structural engineering will ensure that the new building or structure is up to all necessary design codes.
Structures must satisfy the conditions in which they are built. A house in Canada must have a roof that can bear the weight of heavy snow and a stadium in California must be able to withstand earthquakes, for example. When building bridges, designers must take into account the conditions of terrain, wind, water, and traffic volume. Structural engineers consider all of these factors and provide technical advice about the project.
For example structural engineers must be able to determine the optimal material grade that ensures safety and function without unnecessarily raising costs. Structural engineers must also be able to work within the design aesthetics called for by the project. Thus structural engineering plays a crucial role by marrying visual appeal, practical function, and budgetary resources in a way that satisfies all needs.
Structures can include buildings, bridges, in-ground structures, footings, frameworks and space frames, including those for motor vehicles, space vehicles, ships, aero planes, and cranes. They can be made of any structural materials, composites and novel. Structural engineers generally work in teams and look at the way a structure is to be built. They make sure that the structure can withstand any external or internal stresses acting on the structure is below the limit to avoid the damage or danger. Through research and the testing of both form and material, new solutions are developed which promote safer, more environmentally friendly buildings and structures.
Structural engineers work with architects, builders, and engineers from other disciplines to ensure that all parts of the structure are safe and capable of fulfilling their function. They also make sure structures use appropriate materials efficiently. Structural engineering is focusing on the conception, analysis, design and construction of components or assemblies to resist loads arising from internal and external forces while typical civil engineering structures include large buildings, bridges and dams, graduates with a specialization in structural engineering may also be concerned with many other such as, designing the structures of machinery, vehicles, aircraft and spacecraft.
Structural engineers are a key part of the design and construction team, working alongside architects and other professionals. Together they make all kinds of structures from houses, commercial buildings and hospitals to bridges, oil rigs and space satellites. Structural engineers make a difference and shape the built environment. They enjoy the challenges, innovation, responsibility and excitement in a varied career. Structural engineering presents both creative and technical challenges and requires excellent problem solving skills. Looking on the human body we can understand a good model of structures. The central strength of the body lies in the skeleton, it is the hidden framework that supports our shape and is integral to our ability to function. Every structure has to deal with the conditions in which it is built. Houses in Switzerland will need a very strong roof structure to deal with continuous snow and ice loads; bridges all around the world will need to carry all of the different loads from those crossing them, whether from people walking across or high speed trains connecting communities.
A structural engineer keep fighting against gravity, wind and many environmental conditions to keep the society running with the proper functioning of the structures. They are expert problem solvers, meeting challenges and providing creative and innovative solutions. A career in engineering is never dull, it can take you all around world, you can improve the lives of millions of people and without structural engineers the world would be a very flat place!” – Kate Leighton.
Civil/Structural engineers design and maintain buildings, and other structures constructed from various materials. They are using the available modern techniques such as finite element method to analyze the performance of the structure. Structural analysis and design are grounded in fundamental principles of solid mechanics, which form an essential component of a structural engineer's education. The field of structural engineering provides the society every day, inevitable favors. New innovations are ongoing all around the world in structural engineering to make this world more better The structural laboratories consists of facilities to test full-sized structures with MTS testing equipment to simulate dynamic as well as static loads.
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